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Journal of Public Administration

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TitleDisaster Management and Development of Community Resilience: A Case Study of the DaHo Tribe in Pingtung County in Taiwan
作者Huan-Sheng Lin, Meng-Che Yu, Helen K. Liu
作者說明Huan-Sheng Lin, Ph.D. Student, Askew School of Public Administration and Policy, Florida
State University; Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Public Administration, National Chengchi
University.
Meng-Che Yu, Ph.D., Department of Political Science, National Chengchi University, e-mail:
blair.yu@gmail.com.
Helen K. Liu. Associate Professor, Department of Political Science & Graduate Institute of
Public Affairs, National Taiwan University.
摘要The effectiveness of a community self-prevention program for disaster is the key to the development of a disaster management system and is strongly associated with the fairness and justice of the sustainability of the local communities. More specifically, it is essential to investigate whether residents have the capacity to establish their autonomy and cultivate skills for community self-prevention for disaster programs. The existing literature presents a gap in theory building for understanding the transformation of forming a disaster-prevention program within a community, rather than a top-down and command and control process. By using in-depth interviews with the leaders and participants of the disaster-prevention program of the DaHo Tribe of Laiyi Township in Pingtung County, this paper identifies two key actors in the transformation process: the participation of nonprofit organizations helps to build the capacity of the local residents while the local leaders play a strategic role in power distribution among the local residents. Our findings not only contribute to the theoretical debate of the power distribution among leaders, but also highlights the potential of building multilayered institutions, participation and collaboration, self-organization and networks, and learning and innovation through the disaster-prevention program. The implications from our paper illustrate that government should adopt a governance tool that includes citizen participation in the policy implementation phase and grants civil society a higher degree of flexibility to form a bottom-up multi-level governance system that resolves concerns and issues of the local residents, such as disaster prevention and other public affairs. Finally, this paper suggests that the public sector still plays a significant role in collaborative disaster-response networks, especially in having to collaborate with NGOs and local communities in addressing various types of natural disasters; it also recommends the establishment of a community-based organization, integrating indigenous culture and knowledge, and equipping the local community with necessary skills and resources.

Keywords: disaster management, community resilience, adaptive governance, collaboration, aboriginal tribes  
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